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Identification of textile fibers / edited by Max M. Houck.

By: Houck, M MContributor(s): Houck, Max M | Textile Institute (Manchester, England)Material type: TextTextLanguage: English Series: Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles: Publisher: Cambridge, England ; Boca Raton, Florida : Woodhead Publishing Limited : CRC Press, 2009Copyright date: ©2009ISBN: 9781845692667Other title: Woodhead Publishing Series in TextilesSubject(s): Textile fibers | Textile fibers -- IdentificationDDC classification: 677.02832 LOC classification: TS1540 | .I346 2009
Contents:
Cover; Identification of textile fibers; Copyright; Contents; Dedication; Contributor contact details; Woodhead Publishing in Textiles; Part I: Textile fiber structure and characteristics; 1 Introduction to textile fiber identification; 1.1 References; 2 Ways of identifying textile fibers and materials; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Identification and comparison of fibers; 2.3 Classification of fibers; 2.4 Pyrolysis gas chromatography; 2.5 Analysis of fiber colors and dyes; 2.6 Future trends; 2.7 References; 3 Natural animal textile fibres: structure, characteristics and identification
3.1 Introduction3.2 Animal fibre growth, structure, composition and properties; 3.3 Types of natural animal fibres; 3.4 Natural animal fibre characteristics; 3.5 Identification of natural animal fibres; 3.6 Future trends; 3.7 Sources of further information and advice; 3.8 Acknowledgements; 3.9 References; 4 Synthetic textile fibers: structure, characteristics and identification; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Fundamental characteristics of fibrous materials; 4.3 Common synthetic fibers; 4.4 Crystal structure of synthetic fibers; 4.5 Identification of synthetic fibers; 4.6 References
5 High performance fibers: structure, characteristics and identification5.1 Introduction; 5.2 The primary structure and physical properties of HPFs; 5.3 Identification of high strength and high modulus fiber; 5.4 Alternative methods for analyzing higher-order structure; 5.5 Sources of further information and advice; 5.6 References; 6 The use of classification systems and production methods in identifying manufactured textile fibers; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Polymer origins and fiber classification; 6.3 PLA/polylactide fiber; 6.4 Fiber subclasses; 6.5 Multicomponent fibers; 6.6 Future trends
6.7 Sources of further information and advice6.8 References; Part II: Methods of fiber identification; 7 Optical microscopy for textilefibre identification; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 Practical and quality control considerations; 7.3 Initial identification based on physical appearance; 7.4 Identification based on properties; 7.5 Examples of more advanced microscopic techniques; 7.6 Future trends; 7.7 Sources of further information and advice; 7.8 References; 8 The use of spectroscopy for textilefiber identification; 8.1 Introduction: spectroscopy of fibers
8.2 Categorizing methods by nature of excitation8.3 Categorizing methods by measurement process; 8.4 Common methods of spectroscopy; 8.5 References; 9 Microspectrophotometry for textile fibercolor measurement; 9.1 Introduction; 9.2 An understanding of spectroscopy; 9.3 Microspectrophotometer design; 9.4 Types of microspectroscopy; 9.5 Perception of color: human vs. machine; 9.6 Metamerism; 9.7 Applications of microspectroscopy in fiber analysis; 9.8 Limitations, strengths, and future trends; 9.9 References; 10 Alternative and specialised textile fibre identification tests; 10.1 Introduction
10.2 Alternative methods of fibre identification
Summary: The identification of fibers is important to the textile industry, forensic science, fashion designers and historians among others. Identifying fibers involves observing the physical and chemical properties of the fiber for which there are a wide diversity of instruments available. This book provides a comprehensive review of fiber structure, the diversity of instruments available to identify fibers and applicications for a range of industries.The first part of the book examines the main fibers, their structure and characteristics. Part two focuses on methods of fiber identification, r
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Non-fiction 677.02832 I195 2009 (Browse shelf) C-1 Available 2019-0087
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Description based upon print version of record.

Includes bibliographical references at the end of each chapters and index.

Cover; Identification of textile fibers; Copyright; Contents; Dedication; Contributor contact details; Woodhead Publishing in Textiles; Part I: Textile fiber structure and characteristics; 1 Introduction to textile fiber identification; 1.1 References; 2 Ways of identifying textile fibers and materials; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Identification and comparison of fibers; 2.3 Classification of fibers; 2.4 Pyrolysis gas chromatography; 2.5 Analysis of fiber colors and dyes; 2.6 Future trends; 2.7 References; 3 Natural animal textile fibres: structure, characteristics and identification

3.1 Introduction3.2 Animal fibre growth, structure, composition and properties; 3.3 Types of natural animal fibres; 3.4 Natural animal fibre characteristics; 3.5 Identification of natural animal fibres; 3.6 Future trends; 3.7 Sources of further information and advice; 3.8 Acknowledgements; 3.9 References; 4 Synthetic textile fibers: structure, characteristics and identification; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Fundamental characteristics of fibrous materials; 4.3 Common synthetic fibers; 4.4 Crystal structure of synthetic fibers; 4.5 Identification of synthetic fibers; 4.6 References

5 High performance fibers: structure, characteristics and identification5.1 Introduction; 5.2 The primary structure and physical properties of HPFs; 5.3 Identification of high strength and high modulus fiber; 5.4 Alternative methods for analyzing higher-order structure; 5.5 Sources of further information and advice; 5.6 References; 6 The use of classification systems and production methods in identifying manufactured textile fibers; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Polymer origins and fiber classification; 6.3 PLA/polylactide fiber; 6.4 Fiber subclasses; 6.5 Multicomponent fibers; 6.6 Future trends

6.7 Sources of further information and advice6.8 References; Part II: Methods of fiber identification; 7 Optical microscopy for textilefibre identification; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 Practical and quality control considerations; 7.3 Initial identification based on physical appearance; 7.4 Identification based on properties; 7.5 Examples of more advanced microscopic techniques; 7.6 Future trends; 7.7 Sources of further information and advice; 7.8 References; 8 The use of spectroscopy for textilefiber identification; 8.1 Introduction: spectroscopy of fibers

8.2 Categorizing methods by nature of excitation8.3 Categorizing methods by measurement process; 8.4 Common methods of spectroscopy; 8.5 References; 9 Microspectrophotometry for textile fibercolor measurement; 9.1 Introduction; 9.2 An understanding of spectroscopy; 9.3 Microspectrophotometer design; 9.4 Types of microspectroscopy; 9.5 Perception of color: human vs. machine; 9.6 Metamerism; 9.7 Applications of microspectroscopy in fiber analysis; 9.8 Limitations, strengths, and future trends; 9.9 References; 10 Alternative and specialised textile fibre identification tests; 10.1 Introduction

10.2 Alternative methods of fibre identification

The identification of fibers is important to the textile industry, forensic science, fashion designers and historians among others. Identifying fibers involves observing the physical and chemical properties of the fiber for which there are a wide diversity of instruments available. This book provides a comprehensive review of fiber structure, the diversity of instruments available to identify fibers and applicications for a range of industries.The first part of the book examines the main fibers, their structure and characteristics. Part two focuses on methods of fiber identification, r

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